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Eye Diseases and Conditions

Glaucoma: is a disease caused by an increase in the internal pressure of the eye. High eye pressure usually occurs due to increased production of aqueous humor, and/or reduced outflow due to narrowed passageways. Prolonged high pressure in the eye can lead to permanent damage of the optic nerve and to permanent vision loss. Although there is no cure for glaucoma, with early diagnosis and proper management, glaucoma can be controlled. During the course of a routine eye examination, several glaucoma screening tests are performed. It is highly recommended that those with a family history of glaucoma have annual examinations.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration: is a disease caused by aging changes in the macula, the part of the retina responsible for detail vision. As the disease progresses, central vision becomes blurred, distorted, and sometimes permanently lost. At this time there is no cure for age-related macular degeneration, but there are several promising treatments under investigation. It is strongly recommended that people over 60 years of age have a comprehensive eye examination to screen for the early signs of this debilitating disease.

Diabetic Retinopathy: is one of the health problems associated with Diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is caused by the leaking of blood and protein into the retinal tissues. As the disease progresses, the patient may experience blurry vision, dark spots, and an increase in floaters. If left untreated, this disease can lead to blindness. There are laser and other treatments available to slow the progression and preserve vision. However, the best method to ensure maximum vision retention is prevention. Annual or sometimes bi-annual exams are necessary for diabetic patients.

Cataracts: changes in the density and color of the crystalline lens inside the eye. Depending on the size and location, normal vision may be affected. Cataracts usually develop after age 55, but do occasionally occur in infants or secondary to ocular trauma. When a cataract becomes opaque enough that it is affecting daily activities such as driving and reading, the cataract is removed and a clear implant is put in its place.

Conjunctivitis: a bacterial or viral infection, or an allergic reaction in the conjunctiva. Symptoms include red watery eyes, a scratchy feeling, or sometimes a yellow, sticky discharge. Bacterial and allergic conjunctivitis are treated with prescription eye drops. Viral conjunctivitis is resolved by the body’s immune system. Due to the sometimes similar nature of the symptoms, it is imperative that conjunctivitis be evaluated in a timely manner by your eye doctor.